stater

stater
A Greek silver coin; its value could be reckoned as the wages for four days' labour. It was worth four drachmas and would have been the appropriate tax payable by two persons to the Temple as required by the Law of Moses (Exod. 30:11–16). Refusal to pay it would have been regarded as implying withdrawal from the life of Judaism, and would have been a controversial issue for Jewish Christians after their conversion. The miracle [[➝ miracles]] story of Matt. 17:24–7, in which a fish is caught with a stater in its mouth, though hardly historical, was a recognition for Jewish Christians who read Matthew's gospel that they had been permitted to pay the tax to the Temple while it was still standing as instructed in the Law (Exod. 30:13; 38:26). But after its destruction in 70 CE the tax was transferred to the temple of Jupiter in Rome. This was the situation when the gospel of Matthew was written.
The words of Jesus ‘then the sons are free’ from the obligation to pay the tax suggests that the Christians were not part of the Jewish community with responsibilities for the Temple. But the instruction to Peter to pay it all the same has the implication that Matt.'s Church should show loyalty to the empire.

Dictionary of the Bible.

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  • stater — STÁTER, stateri, s.m. Monedă de argint sau de aur la vechii greci şi macedoneni. – Din lat. stater, fr. statère. Trimis de claudia, 25.07.2004. Sursa: DEX 98  statér s. m., pl. statéri Trimis de siveco, 10.08.2004. Sursa: Dicţionar ortografic … …   Dicționar Român

  • stater — ou statère (sta tèr ou sta tè r ) s. m. Terme d antiquité. Pièce d argent de quatre drachmes, valant 3 fr. 72 c. de notre monnaie.    Stater d or, pièce d or valant 20 drachmes d argent, et équivalant 29 fr. 70 c. de notre monnaie. ÉTYMOLOGIE… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • Stater —   [griechisch] der, s/ e,    1) Metrologie: antike griechische Masseneinheit, 1 attischer Stater = 8,73 g.    2) Münzkunde: antike griechische Gold und Silbermünze. Goldstatere wurden v. a. von den makedonischen Königen geprägt (Raugewichte… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Stater — Sta ter (st[=a] t[ e]r), n. [L. stater, Gr. stath r.] (Gr. Antiq.) The principal gold coin of ancient Greece. It varied much in value, the stater best known at Athens being worth about [pounds]1 2s., or about $5.35 (in 1890 value). The Attic… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • stater — ancient coin, late 14c., from Gk. stater, from histanai to fix, to place in a balance, hence to weigh; lit. to cause to stand (see STET (Cf. stet)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • stater — stàter m DEFINICIJA pov. 1. antička jedinica za težinu 2. novčana jedinica u nekim antičkim zemljama ETIMOLOGIJA lat. ← grč. statḗr …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • stater — [stāt′ər] n. [ME < LL(Ec) < Gr statēr, orig., a weight] any of various gold and silver coins of ancient Greece …   English World dictionary

  • Stater — Stat er (st[=a]t [ e]r), n. One who states. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Stater — (v. gr.), 1) jedes Gewicht; 2) eine Münze in Athen von Silber (auch Tetradrachmos genannt), – 4 Drachmen = 22 g Gr., od. von Gold (S. Chrysus). Die Goldstatern waren zuerst in Lydien von Krösos geprägt, woher auch der Name Krösischer (Lydischer)… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Statēr — (griech., bedeutet etwa »Einheitsmünze«), Name verschiedener Münzen des Altertums. Die verbreitetsten S. genannten Münzen sind die nach attischem Fuß ausgeprägten Goldstücke Philipps und Alexanders von Mazedonien (s. Tafel »Münzen I«, Fig. 3) von …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Stater — Statēr, altgriech. Münze aus Gold (in Attika), Elektron und Silber (der äginetische zu 2 Drachmen, der euböische, der korinth. und attische [Didrachmon genannt]); der altpers. Gold S. ist der Darikus (s.d.) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

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